world of steel A Division of Ellias International




Home > Latest Steel News


Green Steel: How Arkansas Became Home To America`s Cleanest And Fastest-Growing Steelmaker

Green Steel: How Arkansas Became Home To America`s Cleanest And Fastest-Growing Steelmaker


News is brought to you by Mr. Shailesh Karia


Published on date 07th August 2019.


Big River Steel


Inside cavernous blue hangars set on 1,100 acres of what was once soy fields abutting the Mississippi River, a succession of 300-ton scrap-filled buckets—the remains of old cars and refrigerators—await their turn at the furnace. Wailing sirens pierce the deafening rumble, and sparks fly as blindingly yellow flames rise up from the glowing ladle.


Overlooking the action there’s a control room with a lone operator in front of a dozen LCD monitors displaying graphics representing data from thousands of sensors on nearly every piece of equipment in the 1.76-million-square-foot flat-rolled steel mill. One display uses an optical emission spectrometer to analyze the composition of the molten steel in real time, determining the amount of alloys like copper in the mix. A red display shows that the furnace—no more than 60 feet away—is at 2,951 degrees Fahrenheit. uncaptioned Man of Steel: CEO David Stickler believes his little Big River mill can outproduce the most efficient plants in places like China.


TIM PANNELL FOR FORBES Welcome to Osceola, Arkansas (pop. 6,764), onetime home of legendary blues guitarist Albert King and headquarters to Big River Steel, the future of steel production on the planet. The mini mill, which is producing 4,500 tons of hot-rolled steel each day or about 1.65 million per year, began operating only 31 months ago thanks to almost $1 billion in high-yield-debt financing, a slug of equity from Koch Industries, Arkansas’ teachers’ pension fund, private equity firm TPG Capital and the sheer operating zeal of a little-known investment banker named David Stickler. “We view ourselves as a technology company that just happens to make steel,” says Stickler, pounding his fist on a table for effect. Though tiny relative to North Carolina’s Nucor, Big River is hands down the most technologically advanced and fastest-growing steel producer in North America. With only 513 employees its cash flow per employee amounts to a whopping $557,000 compared to integrated producer U.S. Steel’s $61,000.


The next most efficient mini mill competitor, Steel Dynamics, operates at $253,000 per employee. It takes just one hour for Big River to produce a 35-ton coil of hot-rolled steel compared to days at an integrated steel producer. Including bonus pay, the average Big River production worker earned $129,000 last year, 3.5 times the median household income in Arkansas’ Mississippi County. Big River has already secured enough financing to double its capacity to 3.3 million tons by the end of 2020. Big-River-Rebecca-Li Casual Friday: Once named best dressed in Beijing, Stickler’s wife, Rebecca Li, holds no official role at Big River, but her Chinese connections have been critical.TIM PANNELL Back in the control room a monitor flashes, automatically recommending a modification to the operating parameters.


“Ultimately, the operators won’t have to do anything. The machines will adjust themselves,” says Stickler, 58, noting that the information from his sensors is being transmitted to a data center where an artificial intelligence system developed by Noodle.ai and Dell runs predictive algorithms. Stickler likens his mill to a self-driving car. “The Google and Apple cars, the more they drive, the more they learn. The more this mill operates, the more it’s learning.” Stickler’s transformation from banker to steel company CEO wasn’t planned. A Cleveland native and former accountant, he spent 15 years as an investment banker, mostly working on financing big steel, including the $385 million Bain & Co. used to launch Indiana’s Steel Dynamics. In the mid-1990s he met his future wife, Rebecca Li, a vivacious Chinese wellness consultant who was showing a friend Hawaiian real estate. Li helped him make connections in Asia, and in 1998 he raised $650 million to build a mill in Thailand.


Stickler also courted Nucor’s CEO, John Correnti, who tapped him in 1999 to finance a restructuring of Birmingham Steel. In 2003, Stickler and Li formed Global Principal Partners, a steel-focused merchant bank. Over the next decade, the firm raised some $6 billion for numerous projects ranging from modernizing a mill for Tangshan Steel in China to SeverCorr, a Mississippi mill it sold to a Russian steel giant in 2008. Correnti handled plant operations, and Stickler and Li, the dealmakers, traveled the world and maintained homes in New York, Los Angeles, Beijing and Thailand. Around 2013, Correnti and Stickler decided that their next project would be a new U.S-based state-of-the-art electric mini mill. Last year, thanks to a strong backdraft created by Trump’s 25% steel tariffs and fear of shortages, prices hit a ten-year high, allowing Big River to book revenues of $1.4 billion.


“I’m not okay with tariffs,” retorts Stickler. “Trump has given the domestic steel industry an opportunity to get itself on the right path. But we don’t need tariffs to survive and thrive.” If there is one big question mark surrounding Big River’s future, it may be its ability to thrive under its $1.5 billion debt load. In May, the steel startup got the Arkansas Development Finance Authority to lend its name to $487 million in 30-year junk municipal bonds to finance expansion. According to Moody’s, the bonds will boost the company’s leverage ratio to a risky 6.8 times and drop its interest coverage ratio to one or less. A ramp-up in global production has created a glut in flat-rolled steel, and prices have fallen by 25% in 2019. But Stickler seems unconcerned. He’s gearing up for another $500 million debt/equity financing that will enable Big River to manufacture the specialized steel that goes into hybrid and electric cars. The dealmaker in him knows that he will likely be able to flip Big River-—at big profit—long before its debts come due. One of Correnti’s strategies that Stickler boasts about is Big River’s Wall Street-style bonuses. The majority of mill workers have production bonus targets amounting to 150% of their wages, so a technician earning a base of $18 per hour is expected to take home at least $45 an hour. “We’ve had weeks where people are getting paid a bonus of 180%, 200% or even 210%,” says Stickler.


Another differentiator at Big River is its LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification. “Typically it’s for university and government buildings,” says Stickler. “A lot of people thought we were nuts to try and qualify for it.” Stickler believes it will make the difference whether it is selling to Chrysler, Volkswagen or Walmart. “People won’t pay more for our steel because it’s produced in a LEED-certified facility, but everything else being equal: price, service, quality, etc., we get the order,” says Stickler. Last year, thanks to a strong backdraft created by Trump’s 25% steel tariffs and fear of shortages, prices hit a ten-year high, allowing Big River to book revenues of $1.4 billion. “I’m not okay with tariffs,” retorts Stickler.


“Trump has given the domestic steel industry an opportunity to get itself on the right path. But we don’t need tariffs to survive and thrive.” If there is one big question mark surrounding Big River’s future, it may be its ability to thrive under its $1.5 billion debt load. In May, the steel startup got the Arkansas Development Finance Authority to lend its name to $487 million in 30-year junk municipal bonds to finance expansion. According to Moody’s, the bonds will boost the company’s leverage ratio to a risky 6.8 times and drop its interest coverage ratio to one or less. A ramp-up in global production has created a glut in flat-rolled steel, and prices have fallen by 25% in 2019. But Stickler seems unconcerned. He’s gearing up for another $500 million debt/equity financing that will enable Big River to manufacture the specialized steel that goes into hybrid and electric cars. The dealmaker in him knows that he will likely be able to flip Big River-—at big profit—long before its debts come due. Last summer in fact, Nucor reportedly offered as much as $3 billion for Big River, but Stickler rejected the deal.


Thanks to assistance from his wife, Big River has been hosting tours for dozens of visiting company executives from around the world. “We don’t hide behind patents and IP,” boasts Stickler. One notable group was a team of executives, including its chairman, from the second-largest steelmaker in the world, China’s state-owned Shanghai Bao Steel, which produces about 45 million tons a year. A beaming Li says, “They told David he was the Steven Jobs of steel.” Get Forbes’ daily top headlines straight to your inbox for news on the world’s most important entrepreneurs and superstars, expert career advice, and success secrets.


Source : https://www.forbes.com//


 





     Home  |  About  |  Contact  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy
World of Steel® is a Registered Trademark in USA, China, India and EU